Golden Era

Madhumati (1958)


On a stormy night, Devendra (Dilip Kumar), an engineer, drives down a hill road with his friend, to fetch his wife and child from the railway station. A landslide blocks their path and the friends take shelter in an old mansion just off the road. Devendra finds the house uncannily familiar. In the large front room he finds an old portrait which he recognizes. His friend and the old caretaker join him, and Devendra, amidst flashes of memory from another life, sits down to tell his story while the storm rages outside.

Starring: Dilip Kumar, Vyjayantimala, Johnny Walker, Jayant, Tarun Bose and Pran

Anand (Dilip Kumar) had come to Shyamnagar Timber Estate as its new manager. An artist in his spare time, he roamed the hills and forests with his sketching pad and fell in love with Madhumati (Vyjayantimala), a tribal girl whose songs have haunted him from a distance. Soon Anand meets his employer, Ugranarayan (Pran), a ruthless and arrogant man. Anand refuses to bend down to him like the others, and incurs his wrath. Anand also has enemies among his staff who have been fudging the accounts till his arrival. Sent away on an errand suddenly, he returns to find that Madhumati has disappeared. Anand learns from Charandas how Madhumati had been taken to Ugranarayan in his absence.

A song from the movie – Madhumati (Dil Tadap Tadap Ke)

He confronts Ugranarayan whose men beat him unconscious. Anand’s life is saved, but his mind wanders. One day in the forest he meets a girl who looks exactly like Madhumati. She says she is Madhavi (Vyjayantimala), but Anand refuses to believe her, and is beaten up by her companions when he tries to plead with her. Madhavi finds a sketch of Madhumati in the forest and realizes he was speaking the truth. She takes the sketch to the rest house where Anand now stays, and learns his story from Charandas. Meanwhile Anand is haunted by the spirit of Madhumati who tells him that Ugranarayan is her killer. Seeing Madhavi at a dance recital where she dresses as a tribal girl, he appeals to her to pose as Madhumati and appear before Ugranarayan and help him get a confession out of him. She agrees. Returning to Ugranarayan’s palace, Anand begs permission to do a portrait of him. Next evening with a storm brewing outside Anand paints Ugranarayan.

At the stroke of eight, Ugranarayan sees Madhumati in front of him. Shaken, and goaded by Madhumati, he confesses the truth. The police who have been waiting outside the room now come and take him away. Anand suddenly realizes that the questions the false Madhumati asked were on matters unknown to him. How did Madhavi know where Madhumati was buried?

The girl just smiles, and moves towards the stairs. Madhavi dressed as Madhumati rushes into the room. She is late, for the car failed on the way. Anand realizes that Madhumati herself had come and runs up to the terrace where her ghost beckons him. She had fallen from the same terrace trying to escape Ugranarayan. Anand follows her falling to his death. Devendra’s story is over.

“But,” he says “I finally did have Madhumati as my wife. In this life – Radha.” Just then news comes that the train in which his wife was travelling has met with an accident. The road has been cleared, and the two friends rush to the station. From one of the coaches, Devendra’s wife Radha (Vyjayantimala) appears unhurt with her baby…

The Film

Madhumati has often been criticized as one of Bimal Roy’s lightweight formulaic films and formulaic it is in its choice of theme and content but Bimalda’s sheer skill as a filmmaker transcends above everything to give us an extremely engrossing tale of reincarnation and revenge, which is further boosted by the fine performances, cinematography, editing and above all its scintillating musical score by Salil Choudhury. True, coming after sensitive masterpieces like Do Bhiga Zameen (1953), Biraj Bahu (1954) and Devdas (1955) it does appear odd that Bimalda took up such a conventional story but the final film remains one of his most enduring cinematic efforts. In fact that very year Bimalda came up with another lightweight film again starring Dilip Kumar, Yahudi (1958), which incidentally was also a huge success at the box-office.

Madhumati had all the elements of a typical Hindi Film Potboiler – The Haveli in which the hero experiences a sense of d?ja vu leading to his flashback, the naive and innocent village belle, the pardesi babu and the lecherous zamindar lusting after the belle but Bimal Roy uses these elements to advantage rather than be hampered by them. Madhumati has all the right qualities of an eerie romantic film that hooks the viewer right from the beginning as Dilip Kumar takes shelter from the storm and enters the old haveli.

Bimalda’s ability to recreate mood and ambiance is again displayed throughout the film be it the luscious romantic interludes outdoors or the swinging chandeliers and dark shadows within the haveli but none better than in the scene of the Mela where the several documentary like establishing shots beautifully capture the sheer rustic flavour of the Mela. But even here the mastery of the filmmaker is seen as it isn’t merely coverage but small human touches in these shots like a young boy hungrily eyeing a food stall or the various times that both Dilip Kumar and Vyjayantimala cross each other’s paths without noticing the other (they do so finally at the end of the sequence) – a good 37 years before the much talked about crossing of paths of Shah Rukh Khan and Kajol in Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995). This eye for detail in capturing a flavour is seen once again in Images of Kumbh, a film put together by Bimalda’s son Joy Roy from footage that Bimalda shot of the Kumbh Mela to be used as part of a feature film Amar Kumbh ki Khoj which sadly never got made. Incidentally the ambiance of the crowd in the Kumbh film is the ambiance sound from the Mela scene of Madhumati! Another masterful touch is the shot of Dilip Kumar’s hands holding up the painting of Madhumati in the foreground and when he brings down his hands in the background we see Madhavi standing there. We are as shocked as he is to see her.

The film, Bimalda’s biggest commercial success, was scripted by Ritwik Ghatak. In fact, many of the people involved in this film had worked together on Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Musafir (1957), also based on a Ghatak story. The film is stunningly shot by Dilip Gupta and much of it is actually shot outdoors on location unlike most ghost stories. The evocative song picturizations further help elevate the film.

But above all, the film is a total triumph for Salil Choudhury seeing perhaps his best and most popular musical score ever. Each song be it the haunting Aaja Re Pardesi, the folksy Bichua or Zulmi se Aankh Ladi, Toote Hue Khwabon ne or Suhana Safar or the romantic Ghadi Ghadi Mera Dil Dhadke or Dil Tadap Tadap ke Keh Raha Hai Aa Bhi Jaa or even the comic Jungle Mein Mor Naacha is tuned to perfection. In fact Lata Mangeshkar counts Aaja Re Pardesi from Madhumati as among her ten best songs ever. To quote her,

I love all the songs of Madhumati,” she confessed and remembered how happy everyone was on the day Aaja Re Pardesi was recorded. “Lyricist Shailendra gave me flowers. The director Bimal Roy came forward to congratulate me. The song was beautiful and it was such a big hit too.

Golden Jubliee of Madhumati

In Madhumati Salil Choudhury seems inspired by the verdant hillsides of Assam where as a child he had roamed with his forest- officer father. When the songs of Madhumati were composed, the tweeting of birds, the flight of an eagle, and the patter of rain all seemed to seep into the melody. And as always Salilda’s background score is right on target lifting the film several notches.

Though some critics slighted the film, Madhumati walked away with nine Filmfare Awards including Best Film, Director, Music, Best Playback Male (Mukesh) and Best Playback Female (Lata Mangeshkar).

Other Credits
Story and Screenplay: Ritwik Ghatak
Dialogue: Rajinder Singh Bedi
Cinematography: Dilip Gupta
Editing: Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Lyrics: Shailendra
Music: Salil Choudhury
Produced and Directed by: Bimal Roy

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