Naushad (1919 – 2006)
Naushad, one of the greatest music composers of Indian cinema is no more with us. The orcehstra of golden era of the bollywood, passed in Mumbai away on Friday, 6th May 2006. Born on December 25, 1919, Naushad came to Mumbai in the 1930s from Lucknow and became one of the most successful music directors of the Hindi film industry in the next two decades. Prominent films for which he had composed music include Baiju Bawra, Mother India and Mughal-e-Azam, all of which had achieved phenomenal commercial success.
Naushad spent several nights on the footpath after moving to Mumbai in the late 1930s to try his luck as a musician. The composer, who hailed from Lucknow, had cried when his film Baiju Bawra was premiered at Mumbai’s Broadway theatre. When the late producer Vijay Bhat asked him why he was crying, Naushad told him he was sleeping on the footpath opposite the theatre when he had dreamt of seeing his music brought to life here.
It took me 16 long years to cross that footpath
After studying under Ustad Ghurbat Ali, Ustad Yusuf Ali and Ustad Babban Saheb, Naushad repaired harmoniums and composed for amateur theatricals before coming to Mumbai. Since childhood, he was an avid listener of the live orchestras accompanying silent films. Parental pressure to wean him away from music compelled the future maestro to run away to Mumbai in search of his dream.
He assisted Khemchand Prakash, whom he considered his teacher for a few years, and got his first break with Prem Nagar (1940). However, he was first noticed with Sharda (1942), where a 13-year old Suraiya did the playback for heroine Mehtab. Rattan (1944) took Naushad to the top and enabled him to charge Rs 25,000 a film in those days.
Naushad’s forte was Hindustani Classical music. His professional training in Hindustani music enabled him to make swift adaptations of ragas into film music. This led to his coming out with major hits including Mughal-e-Azam, Mother India and Baiju Bawra. His other hits included films like Shahjahan, Dard, Dillagi, Dulari, Anokhi Ada, Barsaat and Andaaz. He composed music for 67 films during his career, and completed Pakeezah (1972) after Ghulam Mohammed’s death.
Lata Mangeshkar, India’s greatest playback singer — whom Naushad gave an opportunity to sing in the early days — once remarked that the music he composed for Baiju Bawra had surprised her.
It was entirely different from what he had done before. Different ragas were used for different situations and the purity of the ragas was maintained to the maximum possible extent
Besides Lata, Naushad was also instrumental in introducing Mohammed Rafi to Hindi film music. He also utilised the services of distinguished classical vocalists like Amir Khan and D V Paluskar in Baiju Bawra (1952) and Bade Ghulam Ali Khan in Mughal-e-Azam (1960) to telling effect.
He was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Aware in 1981 for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.
Naushad was the first to combine the flute and clarinet, sitar and mandolin. He was also one of the first to introduce song mixing and separate recording of voice and music in playback singing. It was a reversal of fortunes for the legend with the advent of the 1960s and the decline of Dilip Kumar. He used to compose music for most of the thespian’s films.
The 86-year old’s last composition was for the recently-released Taj Mahal – An Eternal Love Story, directed by Akbar Khan.
Farewell Note by: Ravi (music director)
He inspired me in some of my compositions, especially for the film Chaudhvin Ka Chand. He would appreciate others’ music too. Whenever I would meet him, he would talk about my songs and appreciate them. I remember we had gone for [lyricist] Hasrat Jaipuri’s daughter’s wedding. There, they were playing Babul ki duwayen leti jaa from Neel Kamal. Naushad was touched by it and told me it was brilliant.
Naushad was a pillar of Indian music in cinema.
Khuda unhe jannnat bakshe (May he go to heaven).